FUNiño is the introductory module of Futbol a la medida del nino, the world famous “Youth Football Development Model” by Horst Wein and represents a significant breakthrough in youth football coaching. The magic formula of playing 3v3 on 4 goals introduces width, options, perception and decision-making – laying a solid foundation for Game Intelligence.
BENEFITS OF FUNiño
FUNiño recognizes that playing is like breathing to children, necessary for their physical and mental well-being!
Optimal pitch size and player numbers, 4 goals out wide and simple rules means:
- The game is easy to understand and learn
- Experiencing success brings greater confidence, enjoyment and motivation
- More touches on the ball, more goals, more 1v1s and 2v1s
- Lots of dribbling, then when they get tired, lots of passing
- Establishes all the basic skills – controlling, passing, dribbling, shooting and tackling
- The player has plenty of opportunity to “be in love with the ball,” to improvise and to take risks without fear of making mistakes
- Greater participation as each player is vital in a 3 person team
- Goals out wide improves perception, peripheral vision and spatial awareness
- Reduces crowding or swarming
- More time and space to think and make decisions
- Great variety of games within a familiar structure keeps it interesting for everyone
- The positive environment of discovery instead of instruction is much more stimulating than traditional coaching style
- Smaller players make up for their physical disadvantages through clever play
- Rolling substitutions and equal playing time benefits everyone
- Frequent repetition of basic game situations gives greater opportunity to master them
- Two goals at each end create options which stimulates creativity and improvisation
- Develops support play and off-the-ball play
- Learning takes place in a fully-integrated holistic environment, just as in the game itself. There is no isolation or separation of technical, tactical or physical elements
- Usually everyone scores a goal!
More goals, more action, more FUN!
Lifestyle and character benefits:
- Active Lifestyle – combats the impact of sedentary lifestyle and obesity
- Confidence and self esteem – through more successful actions and positive environment
- Endeavour and perseverance – learn to never give up
- The Ability to Think – invaluable for education and life
- Emotional Control – contentment and satisfaction through play
- Better social relations – friendships and teamwork and a place to belong
- Fair Play – respect for other children, adults and regulations
He is the creator of the internationally renowned YOUTH FOOTBALL DEVELOPMENT MODEL – the first ever, age-appropriate, progressive programme of training for youth footballers.
One of his football books, “Developing Youth Football Players,” is the official textbook of The Spanish Football Federation and The Football Federation of Australia, and has sold over 100,000 copies worldwide, to date.
Horst has majored in the ground-breaking concept of Game Intelligence, since 2002, having written and lectured extensively on the topic in four continents.
He has served as The Head Coach of Nike Club UK from 2000-2003.
by Nick Burtner
Cell grazing is not a new option when it comes to large animal management. However, brewing at Zaytuna Farm is a dynamic and advanced cell moving method that combines age old and newly discovered techniques and strategies.
It has been said before, and most of us permaculturists have used our power of observation to see, that nature will opt for balance. This becomes apparent when we see an overgrazed pasture begins to degenerate and before long the cows and/or sheep start getting intestinal parasites. Or we see this when we over plow soil and the result is that we get an abrupt influx of weedy legumes to accumulate nutrient. In the end nature wins.
The Zaytuna Grazing Method (ZGM), invented by Geoff Lawton, hybridizes a multitude of different animal management systems from Allan Savory to Joel Salatin and Regen Ag. The ZGM then incorporates a permaculture twist that will regenerate landscape and grow both productive food, crops, and even vegetation for other uses such as timber, nutrient accumulation, and wildlife habitat.
The method starts with the construction of a permanent solar powered 9000 watt electric fence called a “laneway” (see photo above, red lines are the laneway), which was also created according the features of the land, much like a swale is created on contour. If possible the laneway should be preplanned in the earthwork stage (at the beginning) of a farm’s creation. On this 66 acre farm the laneway travels through a very diverse landscape of food forest, pasture, swales, ponds, river flat, road frontage, and regrowth forest. The diversity of such landscape provides a multitude of benefits to the grazing animals such as biodiversity in their diet to ensure animal health and proper nutrition. Ideally the grazing cells, after a herd has grazed on it, should remain fallow (left alone) for up to 70 days at a time for regrowth. This cuts down on pest and disease infestations.
It is important to note that if you take in an animal that was not born on this type of diverse landscape and has only had grain feed its entire life, then it would be wise to carefully wean the animal onto the new, more diverse diet or the animal may get shock and die.
The laneway has a series of gates about every quarter acre to half acre and also has switches about every five acres that turn large portions of the laneway on or off to consolidate energy when not in use. The gates allow access to grazing pastures that are created using spindles of electric fence woven through pigtails to create temporary grazing cells (see photo above) where the animals stay two, four, or seven days at a time before being moved to another pasture. Keep in mind that with 25 or more acres you can have two or more groups of large animals being moved across the property at the same time and still not compromise on the amount of time allowed for the cells to regrow after grazing. If you’re working with a smaller property, then use your own judgment on the amount of land and the quantity of animals with your diversity and your landscape in regards to whether it’s suitable to use one or more grazing herds at a time.
Permaculture, with all of its practical techniques, has another dimension of strategy. When we add the element of time we are allowed to be creative to plan for soil rehabilitation and even reforestation using grazing animals. The image above portrays an example of stacking a laneway, a swale, a food forest, pasture, slope, and time. This is doing something very clever. By using the slope of the land we are allowing the manure from the grazing animals to be washed into swales where their nutrient is then spread via rain that fills the swales — causing it to travel and infiltrate across the property. Below the swales are food forests which take up some of the nutrient for the production of food and biomass. The area below the food forest and before the next swale is called the interswale. In this system the interswale is a grazing cell where the animals are eating fresh pasture and depositing more manure for even further nutrient penetration further down slope. (Example in diagram below.)
It is important to note that the diversity of animals and manures that hit the pastures and swales will have a great beneficial impact on the soil. If we were to move a chicken tractor over the cells after the cows have grazed on them then we will deposit a different diversity of nutrient and also clear the area quickly of pests and even greatly diminish conditions favourable for unwanted vegetation (weeds). It is also important to note that large animals typically enjoy tree leaves and the cells should be placed just out of reach of the food forests, unless we are wanting to thin them holistically with the herd.
By using these methods a farm can maintain a healthy, disease- and pest-resistant landscape that benefits all life in both created and natural ecosystems. Savings on purchases of food, antibiotics, and medical treatments for the animals will be of great value using the ZGM as well. Many farmers are also looking for multiple income streams and gaining the best possible yields while improving the soil structure and resale value of their land. This system allows for just that. With swales and ponds on the property there is the additional option of aquaculture. The food forest systems can grow food for not only aquaculture, but also the grazing animals, and for humans that live on the farm or to sell in markets. The pastures produce beautiful organic and lush grasses that provide for a healthy herd that can be used for dairy or meat — products that will call top dollar as this method of grazing far out-produces organics in nutrients. And a large crop can be planted in an interswale. The crop can be rotated every growing season which will allow the grasses in the interswale to regenerate when not being used for a crop or grazed on.
This system also allows for just a few employees or ranch hands, because once set up, moving the cattle between cells is the hardest part of the job – which isn’t that hard at all.
How to Make Bone Meal Fertilizer
Benefits of Bone Meal –
- Excellent Source of Phosphorous: Depending on how the bones were prepared, the NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Potassium) levels can range from 1-12-0 to 4-21-2. As flowering plants use high amounts of phosphorous during bloom, you can see how bone meal has the potential to greatly stimulate production.
- Slow Release Nutrition: Besides a great deal of phosphorous, bone meal also provides smaller amounts of essential nitrogen, potassium and calcium. As the bone meal breaks down over the season, it will steadily and slowly release these nutrients for plant uptake. The advantageous aspects of slow release nutrition are that plant roots will not burn, and that soil vitality is increased for extended periods.
- Inexpensive – If you buy bone meal already pre-made and packaged for sale, you’ll pay a pretty penny for it. On the other hand, homemade bone meal can be very inexpensive. See, if you’re already purchasing meat for the eating, the bones contained are basically free fertilizer!
Downfall of Bone Meal –
- Soil pH: Although bone meal is abundant with phosphorous, it can only become available to plants if the soil pH is less than 7. Slightly acidic soils will have no problems releasing the nutrients within bone meal, but alkaline soils will lock up the nutrients.
- Start off by collecting bones. Normally, I’ll save bones in the freezer until I have a sufficient amount.
- The next step is to clean and sterilize the bones for use. Since I like to get the most out of my bones, I’ll normally make broth to clean and sterilize the them. To do this, spread the bones on a baking sheet and place under the broiler for 10-15 minutes. Next, let the bones gently simmer with just enough water to cover them, for 5-8 hours. By the end of this time, the bones will easily strip clean of any fat or meat tissue still stuck to them.
- Dry the bones. Once stripped clean, I just spread the bones on a plate and place them in a well ventilated area to dry. Normally, I’ll wait about a month for the bones to dry completely. This makes it easy to turn into a powder.
- Once the bones are brittle and dry, crush them into a fine powder. The best way to achieve this is with some muscle and a mortar and pestle. Work small batches at a time to create an evenly fine powder.
- Once ground up, the homemade bone meal for plants is now ready to use.
- Dry Usage: As a powder, bone meal can be tilled in or top-dressed at a rate of one pound for every ten square feet of gardening space. Flowers,vegetables, fruits and lawns will all benefit from the slow release nutrition provided by powdered bone meal.
- Liquid Usage: Bone meal in compost tea production can also be utilized. For a greater availability of instant phosphorous, add one tablespoon of bone meal for every gallon of compost tea to be produced. Brew the tea and water as normal.